In a competency-based system, students need multiple, high-quality pathways to high school graduation, higher education and the workforce. In the same way, educators need multiple, high-quality pathways to credentials, advancement and development.
For pre-service training, policymakers can consider ways to leverage micro-credentials and other avenues to certify knowledge already gained through multiple pathways. Teaching candidates, through internships and community-based experiences, could experience teaching hands-on, in controlled environments, to gain the skills they need to meet the needs of all students.
Teacher professional development should also be personalized and job-embedded, leveraging mentorships and positive relationships with other educators to create customized development pathways that are meaningful both to individual educators and meet system’s needs.
Just like students, educators need an array of high-quality pathways to meet their personalized professional needs and to address the capacity needs of school systems. Micro-credentials, discussed below, hold great promise for assessing and credentialing key competencies for teachers in student-centered learning systems.
Facilitating Differentiated Roles for Educators
In student-centered learning models, educators often take on new roles as they collaborate to design customized pathways to graduation for every student. State teacher credentialing structures are based on grade and content areas and do not account for new personalized, competency-based learning models where educator roles and responsibilities are differentiated to create flexible, dynamic systems able to meet the needs of every student.
For example, New Hampshire encourages local school districts to adopt policies that encourage extended learning opportunities (ELO) for learning outside of the traditional classroom, including apprenticeships, community service, online learning and internships. To facilitate these extended learning opportunities, New Hampshire school districts have created a new ELO coordinator role that is distinct from the roles of classroom teachers or facilitators. Other examples of expanded or differentiated roles and functions for educators include subject matter experts across grade levels (such as math specialists for learning progressions), personalized learning instructional coaches, team teaching, coordinating specialized learning spaces such as makerspaces, teaching across multiple grades and content areas, and creating teacher leadership roles and pathways.
As policymakers seek to increase educator capacity to transform learning environments, they need to examine adult deployment strategies as well. Policymakers could collaborate with leading school leaders to identify those policy structures, like credentialing based on content area and grade, that can impede the proliferation of educator roles.
Micro-credentials are a tool to make educator preparation and development systems competency-based, personalized and relevant to systems’ and teachers’ needs. They hold great potential to transform the systems that develop educator capacity. Micro-credentials are competency-based credentials for professional learning that hold great potential to build the knowledge, skills and abilities to transform the system toward competency-based learning.
Micro-credentials are related to badging that recognizes demonstrated mastery of knowledge and skills – it helps to allow for modularity in the design of learning experiences to build educator capacity in a more flexible way and certify credit for the learning outcomes. States and districts are exploring personalized approaches to offering professional development that provide recognition of new knowledge, skills, and abilities through micro-credentials and badging. Future-focused states might consider how to think differently about credentialing and licensure policies to become competency-based around recognizing what educators know and are able to do. Micro-credentials also add value to conversations that explore how to differentiate teacher roles, offering accessible pathways for educators to gain the competencies they need for their specific role.
According to Digital Promise, the four key characteristics of micro-credentials are:
- Competency-Based: They require educators to demonstrate their competence in discrete skills in their practice — either inside or outside the classroom;
- Personalized: Teachers select micro-credentials to pursue — based on their own needs, their students’ challenges and strengths, school goals, district priorities, or instructional shifts;
- On-Demand: Educators can opt to explore new competencies or receive recognition for existing ones on their own time, using an agile online system to identify competencies, submit evidence, and earn micro-credentials; and
- Shareable: Educators can share their micro-credentials across social media platforms, via email, and on blogs and résumés.
Policymakers might begin to think about how micro-credentials could be used to transform the continuum of teacher professional learning, building capacity to transform learning environments to meet the needs of every student.
Learn more about building educator capacity in the paper Fit for Purpose: Taking the Long View on Systems Change and Policy to Support Competency Education.
Follow this blog series for more key insights:
- Fit for Purpose: Taking the Long View on Systems Change and Policy to Support Competency Education
- Threshold Concept: Certifying Learning to Ensure Student Success and Career Pathways
- Issue to Tackle for Certifying Learning: Meaningful Qualifications
- Issue to Tackle for Certifying Learning: Redefining Student Success
- Threshold Concept: Building Capacity for Assessment Literacy in Personalized, Competency-Based Education
- Threshold Concept: Synchronizing K-12 Education Policy with the Learning Sciences
- Threshold Concept: Developing a Long-Term Strategy to Support Systems Change for Meeting Students Where They Are
- Accountability Models Designed for Continuous Improvement in Student-Centered Learning Systems
- Tackling Accountability as Continuous Improvement in Policy: Next Generation Accountability Models
- Building Teacher Professional Judgment in Policy to Support Competency Education
- Educator and School Leader Competencies Can Promote Systems Coherence in Competency Education
For more information:
- Report: Fit for Purpose: Taking the Long View on Systems Change and Policy to Support Competency Education
- Report: Current to Future State: Issues and Action Steps for State Policy to Support Personalized, Competency-Based Learning
- Digital Promise – Educator Micro-credentials
- Issue Brief: Redefining Student Success: Profile of a Graduate
- Issue Brief: Redesigning Systems of Assessments for Student-Centered Learning
- Issue Brief: Rethinking State Accountability to Support Personalized, Competency-Based Learning in K-12 Education
- Issue Brief: State Strategies to Develop Teacher Capacity for Personalized, Competency-Based Learning
- Issue Brief: State Policy & K-12 Competency-Based Education
- Blog: Building Educator Capacity to Personalize Learning for Every Student
- Blog: How States Build Local Capacity to Implement Personalized Learning
- National Summit on K-12 Competency-Based Education
- Blog: Making Educator Professional Learning Personalized and Competency-Based through Micro-Credentials
- Follow us on social media: @nacol, @SusanDPatrick, @mariaworthen, @ntruongedu